Dizziness

Symptoms of Dizziness in  Concussson Syndrome

Acute dizziness is a commonly-reported problem following concussion whilst a chronic dizziness or vertigo is a symptom that can remain and be life changing.  For the purpose of this page we will use dizziness to describe and include, vertigo, light-headedness, motion sensitivity, wobbly or simply  mis-match of visual and balance that is experienced or can be objectively measured by the VOMS protocol.

More about  Senses : VOMS

Evidence has suggested that up to 80% of those who sustain a concussion frequently report dizziness/vertigo in the first few days,  and 25%  of concussion sufferers  experience the dizziness persist for months after the trauma, some reporting symptoms for 2 to 5 years or even longer.

Dizziness is not just limited to the sensation of “spinning” either. Other symptoms and side effects might include balance dysfunction; feeling faint or blacking out; double vision and other eye symptoms after concussion; nausea and vomiting; and more. The multiple co-inhabiting symptoms is boune out of the close interaction of the  vestibular and ocular neural networks. The connection from the middle ear (source of our balance / gyroscopic mechanism) to the brain follows a network of cranial nerves where the visual and vestibular network co-exist. This is essential to co-ordinate what we see with a real world orientation. Vestibular and Ocular Proprioception.

Causes of dizziness after a concussion

 

The symptom of feeling dizzy after head trauma rarely occurs in isolation; instead multiple factors often contribute to the problem.

Causes are believed to be,

  • benign paroxysmal positional vertigo,

  • migraine or vestibular migraine

  • central vestibular system damage

  • central nervous system dysfunction

  • accompanying neck or whiplash injury

  • labyrinthine concussion (damage to the inner ear)

Evaluation by a qualified healthcare provider is necessary to determine the cause of the prolonged nature of the symptoms. As with any medical condition, there may be more than one reason that a person experiences dizziness and vertigo.

An online evaluation tool can be found in association with the online VOMS screening.

Common triggers of post-concussion dizziness

Generally speaking, there are a variety of triggers or things that can that can bring about an episode of vertigo and dizziness. Some common triggers include:

  • Certain head movements

  • Medications

  • Anxiety and/or stress

  • Dehydration

  • Prolonged bed rest

  • Migraines

  • Certain patterns

  • Lights, especially flickering lights

 

In addition, a recent observational study noted that computer screens and television triggered dizziness in half of adolescents who had endured a sports-related concussion; this is an anecdote that has been reported by numerous patients in clinic and online social communities. It is thought that these triggers are associated with eye movement and motion sensitivity, and the light from these screens may also lead to the onset of post-concussion symptoms—particularly if migraine symptoms are prominent after the concussion.

more at : Blue Light and Lightsensitivity.

Another study found that younger children with a diagnosis of concussion are more susceptible to visually-induced dizziness. These environmental triggers included:

  • Completing school work

  • Sports participation

  • Computer use

  • Riding in a car or bus

  • Watching TV or cinema movie

  • Looking at a striped or moving surface

It is important to speak with your healthcare provider for evaluation of your dizziness so that an accurate diagnosis can be made and a list of avoidable triggers can be discussed and developed.

Prognosis and outcomes

Post-concussion syndrome prognosis depends on a variety of factors, however for most people, symptoms resolve within one year of the inciting injury. However, as we noted previously, dizziness can last for several years, ultimately disrupting patients’ lives. In fact, dizziness and vertigo have been linked to psychological distress, work-related disability and prolonged recovery duration for those with post-concussion syndrome.

Not surprisingly, other chronic symptoms that occur after a concussion (such as headaches or anxiety) have been associated with higher instances of vestibular and balance dysfunction. The type of head trauma also makes a difference in the outcomes experienced by patients; specifically, dizziness that stems from blast-induced injuries among military members has been shown to get worse over time.

Treatment of post-concussion syndrome dizziness and vertigo

It is imperative that patients be evaluated for all symptoms after a concussion, in order to identify other possible causes of dizziness. Some treatment options to better manage post-traumatic vertigo and concussion-related dizziness include:

  • Physical and cognitive rest followed by a multi-sensory modulated return to activity. VOM modulated  exercise program (VOM-MEP)

  • Anti-vertigo or anti-nausea medications

  • Migraine-specific treatments (if migraine vertigo is also suspected)

  • Minimizing other environmental triggers, such as screen time or Blue/Violet Light Glasses.

  • Gradual activity increases with a multi-sensory pulsed reintroduction

  • Canalith repositioning procedure- a physical therapy maneuver used in cases where the gravity-sensing ear crystals have been dislodged during the precipitating injury.

more at VOMS online

Post-Concussion Therapy

Diagnosing Concussion

Standard strategies
SCAT5 (subjective only)
VOMS - Vestibular (Subjective and Objective Tests based on thousands of Military subjects)

 

Clinic functional tests
Electro neuro diagnostics

Innovative Computer Devices

Mobile Apps

Eye Tracking (Tobii Devices) pupil reactions and Eye Movement..

Virtual Reality

Concussion First Aid

First Aid Box (IONIC)

Nutrition  (IONIC first aid box)

Hour 1

Hour 2-12 (stim-)

Hour 12-72 (stim-/+)

Hour 72+(stim ++)
Senses: Vestibular and Balance
 

Assessment and re-assessment app

Test Concussion App

Concussion Intervention step by step

IONIC - intervene  to Optmize  Nerves, in Concussion

Return to Play Protocol

Standardized Protocols


Accelerated and Individualized Protocol
Presentation and symptoms
Utilizing Innovative diagnostics to customized to the individual.
Accelerated return to play
 

Mature Neuro Rehabilitation

Neural Plasticity extends for years following  concussion.

Consussion Rehabilitation

Recovery from Concussion

based on the science of Neuro-Plasticity

 

  • Controlled neuro-genisis

  • FirstAid Kit for Concussion

  • Immediate action to reduce 'concussion cascades'

  • Accelerated 'safe' Return to Play

  • Reducing chronic symptoms

  • Recovery from post-concussion syndrome

  • CTE,  ALzheimer's, Parkinson's Disease.